One of the keys to getting smarter is to read a lot.
But that’s not enough. How you read matters.
But reading is only one part of the equation. You need to remember what you read.
We’re going to borrow tips from Robert Cialdini, author of Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion, and Nassim Taleb, author of The Black Swan and Antifragile, to make our reading go deeper and stay with us longer.
Cialdini revealed a trick that he uses, to a reader of Farnam Street, who was kind enough to share it with me.
While on the flight to Omaha, he was reading. He took notes on the material itself, and every time he completed a chapter he pulled out a sheet of white paper and wrote a single page summary on what he had just read. He places the paper in another folder. This is how he gets his learning deeper and this also enables him to refer to summaries in the future.
This isn’t the first time we’ve talked about this. In his book, The Little Book of Talent: 52 Tips for Improving Your Skills, Daniel Coyle writes:
Research shows that people who follow strategy B [read ten pages at once, then close the book and write a one page summary] remember 50 percent more material over the long term than people who follow strategy A [read ten pages four times in a row and try to memorize them].
But is there something more we can do?
Nassim Taleb says “Don’t write [a] summary, write bullet points of what comes to mind that you can apply somewhere.”